True or false?
A 3-level preempt promises a 7-card suit.
A cuebid of the opponent’s suit shows a control in that suit.
A minimum takeout double of a major promises four cards in the other major.
Decades ago, these guidelines were absolutes in just about everyone’s system. They still describe ideal hands, but few of today’s players would answer an unqualified “true” for any statement. The modern view is that the ideal situations are too few and far between, so we’ve loosened the rules to cover a wider range of hands.
Today’s experts are rethinking the wisdom of even more of those once-sacrosanct bidding tenets. As with other system agreements, basic bidding rules can work against you if they’re over-defined or followed blindly. They’re most valuable if you treat them as advice, not commands, and keep an open mind about possible exceptions.
Here are some old rules and new approaches you may want to discuss with your partner.
Old: A minimum-strength takeout double promises at least three cards in all unbid suits.
New: No one advocates off-shape doubles that show just point-count. There are, however, some situations where you can successfully use a takeout double with a minimum that has shortness in an unbid suit.
The equal-level conversion (ELC) is an “expert standard” agreement that builds flexibility into takeout-double auctions. It allows you to safely double a 1H or 1S opening when you have club shortness. After 1H on your right, you can double with K1093 A3 AQ974 82 .
If partner advances with 2C and you convert to 2D, it’s an ELC, which does not show extra values. It tells partner you have minimum strength with club shortness, five or more diamonds and four spades.
Note that the ELC applies just to the clubs-to-diamonds conversion. If you double and then make a new-suit bid in clubs, hearts or spades, you’re still showing the “big double” hand with extra values.
There are other
situations where a slightly off-shape double can be a good strategy. After 1D on
your right, you can risk a double with
AJ84 KQ65 754 K7
If partner bids 2C, you’ll have to pass, and if he has only four clubs, your gamble didn’t pay off. The double has a lot going for it, though, because it describes your strength and, most important, it keeps all other contracts in the picture.
If the thought of landing in a 4-2 fit makes you nervous, consider that partner will hold five or more clubs fairly often for his 2C advance. Since he bypassed hearts and spades, your logical hope is that he’s relatively short in the majors. That increases the likelihood he has long clubs.
Old: Never make a takeout double with 4-3-3-3 distribution.
New: Even aggressive bidders hate competing with this shape unless they have enough for a 1NT overcall. Many experts, though, believe that if your hand otherwise conforms to what partner expects for a double, the flat pattern is only a minor flaw.
After 1C on your right, a double rates to work well with KQ6 A108 AJ65 743. It’s not a classic, but it fulfills the basic requirements -- opening count (including distribution) and 3+ cards in all unbid suits. Your high-card strength makes up for the lack of distribution, and you’ve take advantage of two of the double’s biggest benefits: you’ve shown your values at a low level and left all further decisions to partner.
The argument for passing is that if the opponents stop low, partner will know you have values and will balance. But will he ever play you for a full 14 points with two honors in his suit? If the opponents bid 1– 1S- 1NT, a partner who’s grounded in reality will pass with J54 J9432 K102 82 , and you’ll score minus 90 instead of plus 110 or 140.
A 1C opening is perfect for a balanced double because partner can bid at the one-level. It can be effective over other opening bids, too, as long as you have good high-card strength (14+ pts.) and honors concentrated in unbid suits. Over a 1D opening, a double is reasonable with AKJ J107 654 KQ103 .
And, for bolder bidders, even AK6 Q107 6542 AQ5 .
© 2006 Karen Walker